English Grammar lesson – Using Conjunctions correctly in sentences ( free English Lessons)

English Grammar lesson – Using Conjunctions correctly in sentences ( free English Lessons)

Hi I am Tash and I welcome you to a new lesson.
Conjunctions, what are conjunctions? Conjunctions are words which join two words or phrases
or two sentences, you can combine entire sentence using conjunctions. So conjunctions basically
helps us to combine words, phrases and sentences. So let’s begin with the first conjunction
‘and’ . The conjunction ‘and’ usually helps us to combine a sentence which has similar
ideas, when I say similar ideas or let me just explain that to you with an example – Jane
came to my party (full stop) Samara came to my party. Now if you individually read the
two sentences , it says – Jane came to my party. Samara, full stop because they are
two different sentences . Samara came to my party. Now what is the similarity between
these two sentences, the similar point is that they both are coming to my party. So
if they both are coming to my party, why am I using a sentence twice, okay. The only different
people here are Jane and Samara but the action that they are doing is same. So I might as
well combine my sentence with the help of the conjunction ‘and’ and my sentence could
be. Jane and Samara came to my party. That’s it, so I do not have to individually say,
that Jane came to my party. Samara came to my party. I can simply use the conjunction
‘and’ and say – Jane and Samara came to my party. Easy right? The next one says ‘but’,
but usually helps us to combine ideas that are contrasting, okay. When I say contrasting,
what do I mean? Contrasting means different ideas, ideas which are maybe opposites or
which are different from the other, let us see how. Mrs. Smith is strict. That is one
sentence, full stop. Writing another sentence here which says – Mrs. Smith is kind. In this
sentence we were talking about Jane and Samara, they were two different people but they were
doing the same action, over here I am talking about Mrs Smith – She is strict at the same
time Mrs Smith is kind, which means I am telling you two things or saying or describing Mrs.
Smith using two different adjectives, contrast ideas , contrast adjectives. So how do I combine
my sentence using ‘but’? I could simply say – Mrs Smith is strict but ( here I am using
my conjunction) but kind, which means I have simplified my life and I don’t need to write
two sentences or I do not have to write this sentence again, I can easily combine both
my sentences using the conjunction ‘but’. So that was about ‘but’. The next one says
‘so’, there are so many times we use this word ‘so’ , I am sure you will agree with
me, because we say – I have done this so that you don’t have to face the problem. So every
time you use the word ‘so’ you will realize that it is for some purpose, okay. Let’s say
I am writing this sentence,okay. Please ( or you could simply say ) Write down , write
down the address , write down the address. We don’t forget it. Over here I am trying
to tell you that write down the address, we don’t forget it. But this sentence is not
sounding complete in itself. Now if we need to make it sound complete , I need to use
a conjunction here and over here I would simply use the conjunction ‘so’ , so why am I doing
that because it is for a purpose . Write down the address, why? So that you don’t forget
it. It’s a simple purpose behind writing down the address so that we don’t forget it. So
‘so’ is called as conjunction or you could say ‘so’ is called as conjunction of purpose,
okay purpose or reason or cause. The last one here say ‘or’ this is a very simple conjunction
because we love being given choices in life. Do you wanna this, this or this, are you interested
in this or this, it’s very simple , the conjunction ‘or’ is usually used when you give people
choices, for example you could say – Do you want pasta or rice. And usually or you can
always mark this after conjunction ‘or’ or wherever the conjunction ‘or’ comes in you
will always find it is a question, obviously because you are offering a choice to people.
You are giving them a choice. So, do you want pasta? I’m so sorry pasta or rice. Okay. So
the conjunction ‘or’ is usually used when you wanna give people choices. So that is
about conjunction ‘and’ , ‘but’, ‘so’ and ‘or’. But, I’m not done because I want to
talk to you about a few more conjunctions. So, let’s have a look at them in our next
slide. So friends, let’s have a look at the next set of conjunctions-because, since and
as. Now these conjunctions are conjunctions of reason. That is, they are telling us why
something has happened, okay. An incident has occurred and they’re telling us a reason
why it has happened. So, let’s have a look at it with the help of this example. I sat
down. I was tired. Now, we want to use a combining word over here. And this word is gonna be
‘because’ If you read this sentence individually, that is, I sat down. I was tired. It definitely
does not sound complete, right? So, we can use ‘because’ over here and say I sat down
because I was tired, okay. Conjunction-since. Now do you think if I use the conjunction-since
over here, it’s not going to sound correct? Absolutely not. I sat down since I was tired,
okay. Of course, ‘since’ is also telling you why you sat or you know why did this happen.
So, I sat down because I was tired or since I was tired. The next one is ‘as’. I sat down
as I was tired. So, if you again have a look at it, ‘because’, ‘since’ and ‘as’, are all
three giving you reasons, okay. Because I was tired, I sat down. Since I was tired,
I sat down. As I was tired, I sat down, okay. So, that’s about ‘because’, ‘since’ and ‘as’
. The next one says ‘after’, ‘before’ and ‘when’ . Now, ‘after’, ‘before’ and ‘when’
tell you time. They’re called as conjunctions of time because they’re telling you when something
happened, you know or when the incident took place. Now, let’s have a look at this sentence,
I’ll email you. I receive the update. I’ll email you does not sound complete. I receive
the update again sounds incomplete okay. So, we’re gonna conjunct it and we’re gonna use
a combining word here. So, I’ll email you after I receive the update. So, when am I
gonna email you? After I receive the update. The next one is ‘before’. Now, read the sentence
using ‘before’. I’ll email you before I receive the update. So, it’s right if you say ‘after’,
it’s right if you say ‘before’. Maybe you’re going to email before receiving the update
and over here, you will email after receiving the update. And the last one says ‘when’.
This again is absolutely correct. I’ll email you when I receive the update. So, ‘after’,
‘before’ and ‘well’ all three ‘when’ are all three telling you that they are conjunctions
of time. So friends, this was about conjunctions. The different conjunctions that we have from
‘and’ to ‘but’ to ‘so’ and ‘or’. And of course, ‘because’, ‘since’ , ‘as’ and ‘ after’, ‘before’
and ‘when’. These conjunctions are gonna help you to improvise on your writing. When you
next time or hence forth want to combine a sentence try and use these conjunctions because
like I told you conjunctions help you to make your sentences shorter and combine them and
make it crisp. So, I hope you’ve enjoyed this lesson. That’s all from me for now. Thanks
for watching, keep watching, keep learning. I shall be back next time with a new lesson.
Thank you.


  1. Hii appa you pirai so much for your name on there and we do not speak I feel so much easier for your time in my favorite hero and the kids are doing it is not a o y I like to i my woi my friend and I are going i you and we will do the needful for your time I hope you are you going with you ii you doing i o do you want

  2. Mam u are great. Tomorrow is my board exam of english but my basic concept of conjunction is not clear but after see this video my dout is clear. Thank u mam

  3. hello my name is kavya I am from class 2A I have a doubt in the conjunctions but when I have seen your video I was my all the doubts was clear so thank you

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