Real Arc Reactor (ionized plasma generator)

Real Arc Reactor (ionized plasma generator)

Hey guys, I’m the Hacksmith and on this episode Make It Real We’re gonna try and make a real arc reactor since it’s been one of your most common requests So what exactly is an arc reactor Well, it was first introduced to the MCU in Iron Man, and just looking at it It looks like it produces a continual arc of electricity in a loop and somehow that generates power Infinite power To me. It kind of looks like a perpetual energy device which we know is impossible because the most fundamental law of physics is the conservation of energy Which states that energy in a closed system is constant, which means energy cannot be created, only transformed That simplifies into an equation energy in equals energy out plus losses Usually in the form of heat because of the second law of thermodynamics We know there are always losses always Which kind of makes sense when Obadiah says this The arc reactor. That’s a publicity stunt We built that thing to shut the hippies up It works Yeah as a science project But then in the cave when Tony miniaturized the arc reactor he uses palladium What is that? That’s palladium 0.15 grams? Which suggests the arc reactor might actually be nuclear technology since some palladium is radioactive Unfortunately, it’s also highly carcinogenic and toxic so I’m not about to play with palladium for a fictional technology Now the power output specified is also kind of ridiculous What could it generate? If my math is right? And it always is. Three gigajoules per second. Joule per second is just a fancy scientific way of saying a single watt, which means the arc reactor produces three gigawatts of power That’s almost three times the power output of a time-travelling DeLorean from Back to the Future 1.21 Jigawatts! In fact If we were to sell that energy back to the power grid the same way I sell solar energy from my roof it would be the equivalent of 833 kilowatt hours, which would generate 250 dollars per second of income or 21.6 million dollars per day basically, if I were to invent a real working arc reactor all of our funding issues would be solved and we’d be well on our way to building a real life Iron Man suit or More realistically our entire company would be assassinated by the big oil companies So it’s pretty much impossible to make a real working arc reactor. So let’s build a real working arc reactor All right Now before we build the arc reactor, let’s take a look at a 3D model using some augmented reality tech, not unlike Tony Stark himself Pretty cool, right. Let’s take a closer look Now it looks like the electricity is being generated in the final ring of the assembly But I guess the real question is if we’re building an arc reactor. How are we gonna do that? Let’s get some paper out and actually do some calculations by hand So to sustain an arc of electricity around the arc reactor we’re gonna need a lot of voltage The diameter of the arc reactor is around 75 millimeters across which gives us a circumference of around 241 millimeters Which would be the path the electricity actually has to follow now It takes approximately three million volts to ionize air for an arc to form across a distance of 1 meter That’s roughly 30,000 volts per centimeter. So with the 24.1 centimeter travel path, we’ll need approximately 723,900 volts of electricity Luckily, we have these little high voltage transformers which produce about 80,000 volts each There’s 10 segments in the arc reactor. So that would be about 800,000 volts This might actually work. Let’s start assembling it They do need to be close together so I might thicken up that divider wall. Yeah, that’d be good Smells nice. Yeah, I don’t know what that is, I think it might be acrylic but Most realistic arc reactor ever Yeah, so these wires They’re not very thick, but like if they’re next to each other they don’t arc As long as there’s something else there. So I’m wondering how thick the wires I need carrying the high voltage near my body See, perfectly safe As long as you don’t become the path of least resistance, you’ll be fine All right, now that we have most of the components assembled we’re gonna have to control them somehow I made a quick block diagram to explain how the circuits actually going to work But basically we’re gonna use a relay bank to control the outputs of each high voltage module Using an arduino. The power input is from a lithium polymer battery Now we actually have a more detailed electronics diagram which you can check out using the link in the description below to visit our project on The battery is connected to all those This powers the arduino Ready for its first test The most realistic thing about this arc reactor is the number of wires coming off of it because if it was actually producing that much electricity You’d need some serious Current carriers to get that energy some are useful All right so we’ve got the arc reactor all set up and we have a clamp meter to measure the current flowing through the wires As we do a start-up sequence 20 amps! All right, so obviously I don’t have a hole in my chest so I can’t actually wear this arc reactor So I thought it’d be nice to make a nice kind of like display case that we can use For when we’re actually powering stuff using the arc reactor All right, so we’ve got the arc reactor in its box now and we’ve actually got the switches on the box So let’s open it up All right, so main power is this switch here and we’ll try and do a startup sequence Alright let’s see if it can power a phone All right, let’s see what else this can power All right, so we’re here at the main circuit breaker for my house and we’re gonna plug in the arc reactor All right, let’s turn it on and see what happens All right, so these are the power meters for the house and as you can see that’s how many kilowatt hours we’re using All right, let’s reconnect it to the grid All right, so obviously it’s not actually producing enough power to do anything useful But it certainly looks cool and sounds terrifying We’ll be using it for some future gags in upcoming videos where we use it to actually power our projects One of our goals here is to inspire people into STEM fields to learn and create things themselves We get tons of messages asking how we learn to do this stuff and the answer is simple. I’m a problem solver I’m not some kind of genius. I just like to learn and use those concepts to make cool stuff I learned by doing and that’s exactly what allows you to do is a problem-solving site that helps you think like an engineer by guiding you through the problems that bring you from knowing nothing To having a deep understanding of the topic If you’d like to learn more about problem-solving and engineering so you can build stuff like this yourself And support a channel at the same time go to and sign up for free The first 200 people that go to that link will receive 20% off their annual premium subscription Well, thanks for watching Hacksmith Industries now has their very own arc reactor Leave a comment below to tell us what other comic book tech we should recreate Elena is not going to touch it


  1. I think someone needs to do a little more homework regarding perpetual energy devices and nuclear power. Not to mention that there are numerous patents on the books that are INDEED perpetual and self powered. T. Thomas Brown, and T. H. Moray to name a few.

  2. This video is just about making a very large taser, the energy is not generated by those arcs, but by the batteries generating the arcs…..for all the bravado this one didn't show anything interesting.

  3. how to people give thumbs down to these kinds of vids? try doing it yourself and then see if it is worthy of a thumbs down.

  4. @TheHacksmith
    00:49 No! Conservation of energy does NOT state the energy of a CLOSED system remains constant! Energy remains constant in an ISOLATED system. Its not the same thing. It even says so in the wikipedia article you show in the video.

  5. Check on YouTube real reactor for iron man repulsor- Alex Lab. this Russian kid made a shooting repulsor out of scraps in his room!!

  6. Lol the one in satin factory makes 5 giga watts that means my large factory (2 giga watts) can run and I still have a spear 2 more lmao

  7. Попробуй сделать этот реактор через 10 лет и станешь Тони Старком!(RUSSIAN LANGUAGE)

  8. Excellent Video!! My only question , and I probably would have made this mistake myself. Why more than one high voltage transformer? I believe I could have done this with 1 and timed the pulses and have gotten the same result. These things are easy to say but just wondering if you thought of this later on?

  9. 1:00 how can someone say that when we dont even know 1% of the universe ? How do you know that the entire universe belongs to our monkey laws ? In fact no one know

  10. Theoria Apophasis could give anyone who wants to truly understand inertia, light, magnetism, dielectric field , field theory. Sadly if we all truly understood the fundamental importance as Ken Wheeler teaches we could be so much further. Cool video though

  11. i love the video and the concept but let's be honest about this subject. people in real life have been killed trying to make things like this in real life. this is not a game and should be taken serious. people are killed everyday for cure's and for cheap energy discoveries. be cautions and think because one day someone will show up to your door . not to great you but to kill you and keep your energy discovery silenced.

  12. The radioactive boy scout David Hahn died in his hometown of Shelby Charter Township, Michigan a victim of the Opioid crisis,His death was accidental and due to intoxication from the combined effects of alcohol, diphenhydramine, and fentanyl, maybe you fellas should do a spot on opioid crisis, I know it's off you usual point but since you brought this kid up.

  13. guys I think what the equivalent object in real life for the arc reactor is actually a unclear fusion device, some of them for example the JET is built into a doughnut shape and in the centre of the doughnut is plasma which suppose to mimic the nuclear reaction happening on the sun. I guess that's what it suppose to be also since in the Marvel universe, their technology is more advanced than real world. In the real world the fusion device is already usable but the problem is its energy output is too low that the energy we put in to sustain the reaction is not paying off so it's not really generating electricity for the neighbourhood yet.

  14. To me the arc reactor looks like a fusion reactor because of the plasma going around the center and the coils are magnets to control the plasma so it isn't a perpetual energy device it's a fusion reactor. Edit- oops two different things at once sorry

  15. 1:00 in wouldn't it be energy/over mass-loss of energy in a transfixed electrical zone? Where energy can be taken by another source of energy equal to the loss. Basically when energy transfers it goes from a positive to a negative. Like a switchboard but when the energy is attracted by another force it can cause a electrical vibration of that core energy. Causing energy to jump from one force to another.

  16. I love this guys videos, and so that’s why I decided to build an arc reactor on my channel!!! Please go check it out and maybe subscribe!!! It’s a cool video

  17. Just take a look at 2:43 he says
    Its impossible to make a real working arc reactor, so let's make a real working arc reactor🤣🤣🤔🤔

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